A few years ago, residents of the Kashechewan Reserve in Northern Ontario had had to leave their homes because of the problems associated with their water. This was a result of many years of dynamic negative processes. Modeling of these dynamics processes could predict negative trends and prevent health care and economic problems. The goal of the presented studies was to develop a mathematical model of the water quality in Round Lakes. The project was supported by Health Canada within the National First Nations Environmental Contaminants Program.
The mathematical model of the water quality dynamics were developed for last 30 years and next 20 years. Based on the developed model it was concluded that two scenarios may take place regarding the water quality in the Peepeekisis and Kahkewistahaw First Nations. According the Polynomial scenario, within next 15‐25 years the negative dynamics of the water quality in both of the communities will be held. However if the positive factors (construction of water treatment facilities, restriction of chemical use, etc) regarding the water quality are stimulated at least at the current level, in 15‐25 years we may observe dominating of positive trends in water quality in both of communities.
Though last decades the water quality has been an important object of researchers, very often the First Nations communities are not actively involved in these projects. The Elders made significant contribution to the project on advisory base. Nine First Nations representatives from Peepeekisis and Kahkewistahaw, including the Chief of Kahkewistahaw First Nations, the Headman, councillor and six Elders participated in the project. The questionnaires were distributed to each of the households of Peepeekisis and Kahkewistahaw. The feedback for the questionnaires was about 40%, which is very high number for analogical surveys in Saskatchewan. First Nations representatives were trained for organizing the surveys in their communities. The Education departments of both communities closely participated in the project. The results of the project were presented in the workshops organized in Peepeekisis and Kahkewistahaw First Nations communities.
The project was supported by Health Canada within the National First Nations Environmental Contaminants Program.